How does this medicine work? What are its effects?
Diazepam belongs to the class of medications called benzodiazepines. It is used for the short-term relief of symptoms associated with mild to moderate anxiety or withdrawal from alcohol (such as agitation). It is also used to relieve muscle spasms. It works by slowing the activity of the nerves of the brain (the central nervous system).
The injectable form of this medicine is used to control prolonged epileptic seizures.
This medicine is available under different brand names or in different presentations, or both. A specific brand of this medication may not be available in all forms or approved for all conditions mentioned here. In addition, some forms of this medicine may not be used against all conditions mentioned in this article.
Your doctor may have suggested this medicine for a condition not listed in this drug information article. If you have not discussed this with your doctor, or if you are not sure why you are taking this medicine, check it out. Do not stop taking this medicine without first consulting your doctor.
Do not give this medicine to anyone, even someone who has the same symptoms as yours. This medication may be harmful to people for whom it has not been prescribed.
In what forms does this medicine occur?
Dizepam 10mg white tablet (250 tablets/box)
How should this medication be used?
The recommended dose of diazepam for adults ranges from 2 mg to 10 mg, taken 2 to 4 times daily. For children over 6 months, the initial dose usually ranges from 1 mg to 2.5 mg taken 3 to 4 times daily.
It is important that the dose is individualized to your personal needs to avoid excessive sedation or motor disturbance.
Diazepam is normally used for a short time or as needed. It can cause a state of dependence if it is taken for long periods. If you have taken this medicine regularly for a long time (eg more than one month), do not stop taking it without first talking to your doctor. To avoid withdrawal effects, a gradual dose reduction is recommended before stopping.
There are several factors that can be considered in determining the dose a person needs: weight, health, and other medications. If your doctor has recommended a dose other than those listed here, do not change the way you take the medicine without first consulting it.
It is important to use this medicine as directed by your doctor. If you miss a dose, take the medicine as soon as you notice the omission and resume the treatment as soon as possible. If your next dose is scheduled in less than 6 hours, do not worry about the missed dose and resume the usual dosing schedule. Do not use a double dose to compensate for a missed dose. If you are unsure of what to do after you miss a dose, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
Store this medication at room temperature away from moisture. Keep it out of the reach of children.
Do not dispose of medicines in waste water (eg, in the sink or in the toilet bowl) or with household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to get rid of unused or expired medications.
In which cases is this medicine not recommended?
Do not use diazepam in the following circumstances:
is allergic to diazepam or to any of the ingredients of the medication
is allergic to any other benzodiazepine
acute angle-closure glaucoma;
a liver disorder;
severe breathing difficulties;
the presence of sleep apnea.
Do not give this medicine to infants who are not yet 6 months old.
What are the side effects of this medicine?
Many medications can cause side effects. A side effect is an undesirable response to a drug when taken at normal doses. It can be mild or severe, temporary or permanent. The side effects listed below are not felt by everyone who takes this medicine. If you are worried about side effects, discuss the risks and benefits of this medicine with your doctor.
At least 1% of people taking this medicine have reported the following side effects. A lot of these side effects can be taken care of and a few can go away on their own with time.
Consult your doctor if you experience these side effects and if they are serious or bothersome. Your pharmacist may be able to give you advice on what to do if these side effects occur:
clumsiness or instability;
dizziness or lightheadedness
Most of the side effects listed below do not occur very often, but they could cause serious problems if you do not see your doctor or if you do not receive medical attention.
Check with your doctor as soon as possible if any of the following side effects occur:
anxiety or agitation;
falls and fractures;
fast, very strong or irregular heartbeat;
hallucinations (eg the illusion of hearing or seeing something that does not really exist);
changes in mood or behavior (eg, aggression, rabies, anxiety, or excitement)
signs of depression (eg, lack of concentration, weight fluctuations, sleep disturbances, indifference to many activities, suicidal thoughts)
Stop taking the medication and seek immediate medical attention if there is an answer such as:
signs of a serious allergic reaction (eg, abdominal cramps, difficulty breathing, nausea and vomiting, or swelling of the face and throat)